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Hanuman Jayanti is celebrated every year by the people in India to commemorate the birth of Hindu Lord, Hanuman. It is celebrated annually in the Hindi month of Chaitra (Chaitra Pournima) on 15th day of the Shukla Paksha.
हनुमान जी को शिवजी का ग्यारहवां अवतार माना जाता है। हिन्दू मान्यतानुसार रुद्रावतार भगवान हनुमान माता अंजनी और वानर राज केसरी के पुत्र हैं। हनुमान जी की जन्मतिथि पर कई मतभेद हैं लेकिन अधिकतर लोग चैत्र शुक्ल पक्ष की पूर्णिमा तिथि को ही हनुमान जयंती के रूप में मानते हैं। हनुमान जी के जन्म का वर्णन वायु- पुराण में किया गया है।
हनुमान जयंती 2016 (Hanuman Jayanti 2016)
वर्ष 2016 में हनुमान जयंती अप्रैल महीने की 22 तारीख को मनाई जाएगी।
हनुमान जी की पूजा (Hanuman Jayanti Puja Vidhi in Hindi)
हनुमान जयंती के दिन प्रात: काल सभी नित्य कर्मों से निवृत्त होने के बाद हनुमान जी की पूजा करनी चाहिए। पूजा में ब्रह्मचर्य का विशेष ध्यान रखना चाहिए। हनुमान जी की पूजा में चन्दन, केसरी, सिन्दूर, लाल कपड़े और भोग हेतु लड्डू अथवा बूंदी रखने की परंपरा है।
How and When to Celebrate Hanuman Jayanti
Lord Hanuman, a dedicated disciple of the Hindu Lord Rama, is worshipped all over the India by the Hindu people for his deep devotion to the god Rama. At the day of Hanuman Jayanti celebration, all the Hanuman temples become full of crowd as people started puja from early morning after a holy bath. Hanuman Jayanti is celebrated with great enthusiasm by the people of Hindu religion as an important festival of the Hindus. It is a great Hindu ritual celebrated in cultural and traditional way.
People worship Lord Hanuman as a symbol of devotion, magical powers, strength and energy. People read Hanuman Chalisa as it has ability to conquer the evil spirits and provide peace to the mind. The devotees of Lord Hanuman visit Hanuman temples at this day after a holy in the early morning, apply red tilak (vermillion) to the foreheads of Hanuman idol, read Hanuman Chalisa, offer Prasad of laddoo, do Aarti by chanting mantras and Aarti songs, make round of the temple and so many rituals. As Lord Hanuman was born to the Vanara community having reddish orange color body, that’s why it is seen to all the Hanuman temples having reddish orange colored Hanuman idol. After puja, people apply red Sindur to their own foreheads as a Prasad and distribute laddoo Prasad among people to get blessed with what they have prayed to their God Hanuman.
In the Maharashtra, it is commemorated to the Purnima in the Hindu Lunar month of Chaitra. However, according to other Hindu calendar, it falls on 14th day (chaturdashi) of Ashvin month in the dark fortnight. After puja, Prasad is distributed among people to have full blessings.
In Tamil Nadu and Kerala, it is celebrated in Margazhi month (between December and January) in the belief that Lord Hanuman was born to the amavasya in the Margazhi month. In Odisha, it is celebrated on 1st day in the month of Baisakha (in April). In Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, it is celebrated on 10th day of Vaishaka month in the Krishna Paksha. It is the 41 days long celebration in the Andhra Pradesh which starts from the Chaitra Purnima and ends at 10th days of the Krishna Paksha of Vaishakha month.
Significance of Hanuman Jayanti Celebration
Hanuman Jayanti celebration indicates the balanced coexistence of the whole human fraternity with the nature’s incredible creature, Lord Hanuman from Vanara community. People from the Hindu religion worship Lord Hanuman as a divine creature. This celebration has lots of importance to all however Brahmacharis, wrestlers and bodybuilders are specially inclined towards this celebration. There are many names through which Lord Hanuman is famous among his devotees like Bajrangabali, Pavanasuta, Pavankumar, Mahavira, Balibima, Marutsuta, Anjanisut, Sankat Mochan, Anjaneya, Maruti, Rudra and many more.
Hanuman avatar is considered as the 11th Rudra avatar of the Lord Siva with great devotion, strength, knowledge, divine power, bravery, intelligence, spirit for selfless service and etc. He has devoted his life only for his Lord Rama and Mata Sita and never shows his bravery and intelligence without any purpose. The devotees of the Lord Hanuman always pray him for getting blessed with the same for their bright future. He is worshipped in many ways by his devotees; some meditates by repeating his name many times to get power, fame, success and etc in the life whereas some reads the Hanuman Chalisa to get the same.
History behind Celebration of Hanuman Jayanti
Once, a great saint named Angira went to visit the heaven king, Indra and welcomed there through the dance presented by a damsel named, Punjiksthala. However, saint was not used of that type dance and started meditating on his God. After the end of dance, he was asked by the Indra about the performance of dance. He was silent and said that I was in deep meditation to my Almighty because I have no interest in such dance. It was very ashamed to the Indra and damsel; she started disappointing the saint and then cursed by the Angira that “Behold! You shall degrade to earth from Swarg. You will be born as a female monkey in the mountain forests”.
She then felt sorry and regretted to the saint then a merciful saint supported her through blessings like, “A great devotee of Paramatma will be born to you. He will forever serve Paramatma”. She became the daughter of Kunjar (king of the monkeys on earth) and got married to the Kapiraj Kesari of the Mount Sumeru. She gave birth to the Hanuman with the help of five divine factors such as curse and blessings of the saint Angira, her prayers, blessings of Lord Shiva, blessings of Vayu deva and Putreshti Yagna’s fruit. It is considered that Lord Shiva had to rebirth as a human being on the earth in his 11th Rudra avatar in the form of Hanuman as He could not serve to the Lord Rama by being in His real form.
The whole Vanara community including all the human fraternity was happy and celebrated his birthday with great enthusiasm and joy by dancing, singing and lots of activities. From then, it was started celebrating as a Hanuman Jayanti by his devotees to get strength and wisdom like him.
Jitendrium Buddhimatam Varishtham
Shri Ramdutam Sharanam Prapdye.
Aarti Kije Hanuman Lala ki, Dustdalan Raghunath kala ki
Jake bal se giriwar kanpe, Rog dosh jake nikat na jhanke
Anjani putra maha bal dayee, Santan ke prabhu sada sahayi
De beera Raghunath pathaye, Lanka jaari seeya soodhi laye
Lanka so koti Samudra Si khaayi, Jat pawansut bar na layee
Lanka Jaari asur sanghare, Seeya Ramjee ke kaaj saware
Lakshman murchhit pare Sakare laye Sajeewan pran ubaare
Paithi patal tori jam kare, Ahiravana ki bhuja ukhare
Baaye bhuja asur dal mare, Dahine bhuja sant jan tare
Sur nar muni jan aarti utare, Jai jai jai Hanuman uchare